The architecture has been defined as the art of designing and constructing buildings. This is a profession in motion, given that it has evolved with the passage of time due to diversification in the styles of construction and local customs which influence the design, plans and materials used in the construction of both private and private homes. The role that architectural planning has served in the field of construction throughout history is extremely important. Although some buildings have gone up in an improvised manner and without an established order, it can be said that many other buildings have continued building guidelines specific derivatives of the architectural study and a preliminary design. The use of architectural drawings and other similar edificativos diagrams dates back to ancient times. Defined ideas that architects had about dimensions and distribution of each of the rooms and units of work that address used to outline in writing on the same planes, many times down to the smallest detail.
Archeological findings reveal interesting details about the construction practices of antiquity. Many of the houses were of a very modest construction, even rough. However, it was not rare to find with luxurious and complex, buildings generally private homes of upper-class people, palaces and other government buildings. Many of these had up to services of pipes for hot water, ventilation systems and other advanced features that contributed to a more comfortable life. The distribution of these services was already detailed in the planes of the era. High knowledge of mathematics and physics, among other sciences, of several ancient cultures could be appreciated in these works of architecture planning. To mention just one example, the pinpoint accuracy in general measures and the angles of the pyramids of the ancient Egyptian Empire, attests to the care with which it was projected This colossal entrepreneurship. The same can be said of civilizations such as the Sumerian, the Babylonian and Greek, in which architectural representations in stone cylinders, Papyri and parchments, among other writing supports, which would be the precursors of construction plans that we know today were found.