And as far as the legislation of banks it only is of application to banking companies, thus is clear that it deserves the corresponding studies, to increase to the field of application of the law to all the societies through a law all this within the Peruvian right. 14. POSTER the poster is an assumption of enterprise concentration, which has deserved really few studies in the Peruvian right. Thus we recommended its study on the part of the treaty writers, that are those that creates doctrine, so that it spreads on the part of the legal operators. The poster happens between companies, therefore, is not exclusive of the societies, nor of no other type of company, in such sense exists poster of societies, poster of individual companies of limited responsibility, poster of cooperatives, poster of communal companies, poster of industralists who exert the company like natural people, among others. The poster is not defined in the Peruvian legislation, therefore, is clear that its corresponding regulation deserves to have major legal security in the same, since is not recommendable in these cases of going to other sources or parts or elements of the right. In such sense we hoped in the future not very distant to count in the Peruvian state with a legislation on the enterprise posters or karteles, of such form that looks for major facility the economic agents to invest in a more and more competitive market as it is the Peruvian market. In the doctrine we found abundant definitions of poster, thus we were sent the same to have solids knowledge straight exceeds enterprise or right of the businesses or right of the company, in a market like in the Peruvian that exists little information on this branch of the right. What the poster looks for is to maintain the autonomy of the companies but to occupy the market, in such sense if for example a poster of companies is constituted that make soda waters is clear that they are possible to be occupied the market, with a view to its domination.
The increase I deal of it external, with growth of 417,7% of the exportations of Asia, of 1980 the 1994, raised China to the category to more have in its territory 20 of the 30 cities poludas in the world. This is positive or negative, for which parts? With certainty, is not positive under the optics of the necessary Sustainable Development of the planet. The unsustainable economic development, with liberalization of the commerce, follows in the desmedida exploration of the natural resources, in the logic of the consumerism, discarding and wastefulness, keeping inaqualities, concentration of wealth and without significant reduction of the poverty, as it is seen today. While it will be distorted and protectionistic, continuing restrictive and little competitive, without valuing efficiency and innovation, premiando the inefficiency, the foreign commerce will not contribute for increment of sustainable development e, in contrast, its more negative implications will be each time on the Environment. Under the challenging optics of the Sustainable Development, the implications of the foreign commerce are analyzed and interpreted as positive or negative in accord with the global effort to construct the ways of the support.
Caterina Iazzi In the time that already must to be coexisting with the humans in this dimension, one will have undergone many tests, learned many things, shared love, acquired knowledge and as somebody wrote, a has been learned:. – That my better friend and I can make any thing or not to do anything, and to spend the best time. – That because a person does not want to you as one wanted it did that it, does not mean that it does not want yet to you what has. – That the maturity has more to do with the experiences that are had had and that is had learned of them. – Not always it is sufficient to be pardoned By the others. Sometimes it has that to learn to Perdonarte one same. – That it does not matter that as much this broken your heart, the world does not pause by your pain.
– That even though you think that you do not have more to give, When a friend cries to you, you found the force to help it. – That the people about whom you worry more in the life go too much soon has been written for the spiritual growth that: If a person has much wealth, but never it uses to help people, then what you own is in vain. So you must use the wealth to help others. A rich and generous person is a species of blessing to be. Is a species of nobility a poor but generous person to be? When a person hurries to speak or to act, it is possible to be put furious, impatient and worried, then to these things the chaos of the mind is called to him. When a person walks with expansions in her own subjects or in his work, she neglects his body and she has an idle mind, all that is called the negligence of the mind? When a person does not recognize what is correct and incorrect, never recognizes what is true or false and thus creates imprudently, that is called ignorance of the mind? When a person wants everything what sees, walks behind any thing that creates can bring gains, changes to him easily according to the conditions, eludes the responsibilities without concerning the type to him of business that it has, all this is called demerit of the mind.
One of the major problems in the current economic situation in Spain is the non-payment of the invoices by public institutions, mainly from councils and the autonomous communities. Not all have the same debt nor the same habit of not paying, but it is unfortunately common that payment has not received companies who have worked for a town hall for his work. Those who suffer non-payment of the invoices are usually small and medium-sized companies that suffer by failing to receive their part, up to the point of having that, on several occasions, take the closure. And more now that the banks have closed the tap of the financing. Put us in a situation. One SME anyone who has made an economic important effort to carry out a work contracted by a particular city. For performing this work solicited a loan with the intention of paying it when you received the amount quoted on the invoice. However time passes and the cabildo do not pay.
Not arise new jobs or those that do need investment. But the company is ahogada paying the loan or simply doesn’t have more money to invest until it receives the money owed him. If this situation extends likely finally SMEs may need to close. We have presented a very black picture but it is unfortunately quite common. While the politicians come out saying the important thing is to pay the invoices because it depends on maintaining good part of industrial fabric, in addition to the myriad of families who depend on these companies to live, despite that we say, late payment of public institutions is very worrying. And although we hope that the situation will eventually reverse, the change is happening painfully slow.
An example is of the Shell, that already it declared to be studying to refine in Brazil the oil produced in the Basin De Campos (Bijupir-Salema, who produces since 2003, and BC-10, Park of the Shells, that started to produce in last June), what it would be extremely healthful for the country. But the fact is that the majority of the operators it will have to export the rude oil, resulted of its exploration. The used argument does not seem decisive to justify the exchange of the model, of that the concession system more is adjusted the areas with bigger risk while the allotment system more would be adjusted in areas of low risk as of the daily pay-salt. She is necessary to attempt against for the fact of that the risk of the daily pay-salt can thus not be so low, if to judge for the failure of some recent punctures. The risk seems to be lesser for the Petrobra’s, which had to the deep knowledge that developed, of the geology of the region. Petrobra’s perforateed today until, 37 wells in the daily pay-salt, and got 87% of success, being that in the Basin of Saints, the gotten success was of 100% (all the pierced wells had found oil or gas). Some operators had faced failures.
The folklore that already starts to be formed, affirms that Petrobra’s, due to the geologic knowledge of the region, had as certain the failure of some punctures of other operators. On the other hand, the management of the taken risk is a question water; the thickness of the salt layer. Nobody doubts that Petrobra’s goes to exceed all these difficulties, pero that wools hay, wools hay. Finally, the arguments that classify the producing countries in democratic, steady and advanced, that they would prefer concession systems, and autocratic, politically unstable and are risveis delayed contemplating the allotment, and with scarce reserves (importers) they adopt the system of concessions.
The Latapack Ball, with industrial unit in Jacare (SP), started to operate in 1997, with a capacity of production of 1,5 billion of cans/year, being able to reach 2,0 billion. The company is an association between the Mariani group (BBM), that she acts in the petrochemical sector and of plastic packings, and the Ball Metals Corporation, one of the great North American companies of the sector of aluminum packings. ‘ ‘ The Metalic, in the region metropolitan of $fortaleza (CE), is the only manufacturer of steel cans of two parts for drinks. With a capacity of production of 700 million cans/year, initiated its activities for test of qualification of the cooling envasadores of and beers in September of 1997. The company belongs to the Vicunha group, and counts on the support technician of the National Siderurgical Company (CSN), that it is developing steel plates tinned special for this type of product.
The technology used for these companies is considered of last generation, being that the four first ones manufacture aluminum cans (associates the international groups with experience in the sector), beyond working with imported and automatized machinery. Of this form, in Brazil, all the five manufacturers confection its cans with only two parts, being that the first part is the cover of the can, whereas second is an only constituted part of body of the deep can and, being necessary only one weld to join these two parts and to finish the product. In the case of the countries that use exceeded technology, the cans possess three parts: cover of the can; body; deep (separate ones of the others), being necessary two welds to join the three parts so that the can is ready to be vendida. To start its activities in 1997, with tip technology, the Metalic contracted the CAP International Incorporation, specialized North American company in implantation of plants of cans of two parts, whose main equipment and machines also are imported.