Positive law refers to a body of laws which may regulate conduct in a given area. Such laws date back to ancient times and it is basically transmitted by the Government at the local, regional or national level. Positive law is sometimes a contrast with the natural law, which is usually based on moral principles. Positive law could set standards for acts requiring them, as well as those that are prohibited. Penalties are generally given to those who violate the positive law.
The positive term may have been used to describe the positive laws, since they tend to be imposed on the citizens of an area in particular. Some examples of positive laws may include laws, court judgments, and ordinances. positive laws can be written and approved by the legislators of the Government, the courts and administrative bodies. Those who are physically present in the positive laws have a branch of Government that is usually required to obey those laws. Positive law can have originated since thousands of years. The ten commandments of Christianity can be used as an example of positive law.
Christians can be considered valid the ten commandments, not only because they are rooted in the moral principles, but also because it may have been engraved in stone by God and given to the biblical Prophet Moses. The positivists commonly share the view that to be obeyed, laws should be promulgated by authority figures. Positive laws adopted by government officials are not the same as the policies of companies and non-governmental agencies. The policy of a society is not considered as a positive law, because a company is not a governing body. However, the common employees who have to follow the rules of the company for which they work. Ethics is sometimes a tissue in positive law, but if a person is behaving in an unethical way is not necessarily considered a violation of the law. For example, can be considered unethical that a company wants to minimize the benefits for their own benefit. If this behavior is carried out within the framework of the applicable positive law, this may not be illegal. Legal positivism is sometimes compared to natural law. Natural law generally refers to the natural order, or a moral and ethical code that we share people as human beings. Positive law is the artificial order and consists of rules of conduct that put people together. Natural law is inherent and cannot require the execution of the Government, while the positive laws are those that are legal and that people tend to follow.